Maldives, which is both the most beautiful and vulnerable island country in the world, has been deeply influenced by climate change and global warming. 80% of the islands in Maldives are only one meter above the sea level, which makes Maldives quite vulnerable to climate change, and are easily influenced by various factors.
We have noticed that the rising sea level has made serious influence to Maldives, including the annually reducing rainfall and the rising average temperature in some parts of Maldives. As an island country, Maldives must make clear our attitude to the climate change. Maldives is the chairman of the Alliance of Small Island States, which is made up of many small island states to tackle the climate change and enable the international society to cope with the negative effects environmental changes bring us.
All parties have played a very big role in the 《Paris agreement》 , helping us to reduce greenhouse gases emissions and avoid disaster. We also realize that different countries share common but differentiated responsibilities, Maldives can share expertise and experience of renewable energy. 《Paris agreement》 is a very important milestone, but is not enough, we are very concerned about the adaptation of climate change and the goal of keeping the temperature increase on our home planet below 2 degrees Celsius. We also notice there is a lot of cooperation in this field. For example, there is a green climate fund, which was established by 194 governments to limit or reduce greenhouse gas emissions in developing countries so as to advance the goal of keeping the temperature increase on our home planet below 2 degrees Celsius.
By the end of December 2015, the amount of climate change adaptation fund approved by governments is only $35 billion . The Green Climate Fund ,which is to respond to climate change and help adapt vulnerable societies to the unavoidable impacts of climate change, has only raised $1.5 billion by the end of year 2016,with a billion gap from the $2.5 billion promised. Maldives will continue investing in clean technologies in the following 25 years and we hope the greenhouse gas will reduce 40% by 2030 with the efforts of international world.
Maldives is one of the main countries investing on renewable energy and clean technology, we use the solar energy and clean energy, and have great potential for further development of ocean energy . We are to further change the production mode of energy, rely on renewable energy more, and improve the energy efficiency, giving that energy production in Maldives is very expensive, and 20% of the GDP spent on oil purchases. Maldives has made a policy decision which is to increase the wind power supply to the power peak to 30% and to upgrade the existing grid system.